Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Income Taxes

Income Taxes
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2017
Income Tax Disclosure [Abstract]  
Income Taxes

Note 14 – Income Taxes


The income tax (expense) benefit for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 consists of the following:


      2017       2016  
Federal   $ 1,015,724      $ (778,756 
State     ---       ---   
      1,015,724       (778,756
Federal     ---       ---   
State     ---       ---   
      ---       ---  
Income tax expense (benefit)   $ 1,015,724     $ (778,756


The following reconciles the Federal statutory income tax rate to the Company’s effective tax rate for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016:


    2017     2016  
    %     %  
Federal statutory rate     34.0       34.0  
Permanent and other items     (0.06 )     5.4  
Beneficial conversion feature     (20.05     --   
Other     --       (25.0 )
Rate change     (10.40 )     --  
Change in valuation allowance     (1.49     (12.0
      2.0       2.4  


Deferred income taxes reflect the net tax effects of temporary differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes and the amounts used for income tax purposes. In assessing the realizability of deferred tax assets, Management evaluates whether it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. The ultimate realization of deferred tax assets is dependent upon the generation of future taxable income during the periods in which those temporary differences become deductible. Management considers the scheduled reversal of deferred tax liabilities, projected future taxable income and tax planning strategies in making this assessment. Based on Management’s evaluation, it is more likely than not that the deferred tax asset will not be realized and as such a valuation allowance has been recorded as of December 31, 2017 and 2016. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are comprised of the following at December 31, 2017 and 2016:


      2017       2016  
Deferred income tax assets:                
Amortization   $ 978,688     $ --  
Net operating loss carryforward     5,244,000       11,752,815  
Goodwill and intangible assets     (112,742      1,477,448  
Allowance for doubtful accounts     259,110        130,580   
Charitable contributions     618       891   
Stock options     700,745        1,010,164   
Accrued liabilities      121,993       254,165   
Deferred state tax asset     595,531       --  
      7,787,943       14,626,063   
Deferred income tax liabilities:                
Depreciation     (406,310     (969,933
      (406,310     (969,933
Deferred tax asset, net     7,381,633       13,656,130  
Less: valuation allowance     (7,381,633     (13,656,130
Net deferred tax assets   $ -     $ -  


On December 22, 2017, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “TCJA”) was signed into law. The TCJA includes a number of provisions impacting us, including the lowering of the U.S. corporate tax rate from 35% to 21%, effective January 1, 2018 and 100% bonus depreciation for qualifying capital expenditures acquired and placed into service after September 27, 2017, among others.


The TCJA’s reduction in the U.S. corporate tax rate from 35% to 21% (effective for Fiscal 2018) and increased allowance for bonus depreciation will have a favorable impact on our future after tax net income and cash flows. While we were able to make provisional estimates for the impact of the TJCA, the actual results may differ from these estimates, due to, among other things, changes in our interpretations and assumptions relating to the changes made by the TCJA and additional guidance that is anticipated to be issued by the U.S. Treasury and Internal Revenue Service.


Management has reviewed the provisions regarding assessment of their valuation allowance on deferred tax assets and based on that criteria determined that it should record a valuation allowance of $7.4 million and $13.7 million against its deferred tax assets as of December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. The Company has federal net operating loss carryforwards totaling $21.85 million generated in 2017 and 2016. It also has various state net operating loss carryforwards that begin to expire in 2031. In November of 2016, the IRS commenced an audit of the Company’s 2015 Federal tax return (see Note 15).


The Company recognizes the consolidated financial statement impact of a tax position only after determining that the relevant tax authority would more likely than not sustain the position following an audit. For tax positions meeting the more-likely-than–not threshold, the amount recognized in the consolidated financial statements is the largest benefit that has a greater than 50 percent likelihood of being realized upon ultimate settlement with the relevant tax authority.


The Company is subject to income taxes in the U.S. federal jurisdiction and the states of Florida, North Carolina, New Mexico, New Jersey, California and Tennessee. The tax regulations within each jurisdiction are subject to interpretation of related tax laws and regulations and require significant judgment to apply.