Organization and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2018
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|Organization and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies||
Note 1 – Organization and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Description of Business
Rennova Health, Inc. (“Rennova”), together with its subsidiaries (the “Company”, “we”, “us” or “our”), is a vertically integrated provider of healthcare related products and services. The Company’s principal lines of business are (i) hospital operations; and (ii) clinical laboratory operations. The Company presents its financial results based upon these two business segments, which are more fully discussed in Note 16.
Reverse Stock Split
On September 18, 2018, the Company amended its Certificate of Incorporation to have the authority to issue 10,000,000,000 shares of Common Stock, par value $.0001 per share, and 5,000,000 shares of Preferred Stock, par value $0.01 per share.
On November 5, 2018, the Board of Directors of the Company approved an amendment to the Company’s Certificate of Incorporation, to effect a 1-for-500 reverse stock split of the Company’s shares of common stock to be effective on November 12, 2018. As a result of this reverse stock split, every 500 shares of the Company’s pre-reverse split common stock were combined and reclassified into one share of the Company’s common stock. The par value and other terms of the common stock were not affected by the reverse stock split.
All outstanding preferred shares, stock options, warrants, and equity incentive plans immediately prior to the reverse stock split will generally be appropriately adjusted by dividing the number of shares of common stock into which the preferred shares, stock options, warrants and equity incentive plans of the common stock are exercisable or convertible by 500 and multiplying the exercise or conversion price by 500, as a result of the reverse stock split.
All share, per share, and capital stock amounts for all periods presented have been restated to give effect to the reverse stock splits and the Certificate of Incorporation.
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements were prepared using generally accepted accounting principles for interim financial information and the instructions to Form 10-Q and Regulation S-X. Accordingly, these financial statements do not include all information or notes required by generally accepted accounting principles for annual financial statements and should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements as filed on the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 24, 2018. In the opinion of management, the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements included herein contain all adjustments necessary to present fairly the Company’s consolidated financial position as of September 30, 2018, and the results of its operations and cash flows for the interim periods presented. Such adjustments are of a normal recurring nature. The results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 may not be indicative of results for the year ending December 31, 2018.
Principles of Consolidation
The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) include the accounts of Rennova and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in the consolidation.
The Company has reclassified certain amounts in the 2017 condensed consolidated financial statements to be consistent with the 2018 presentation. These principally relate to classification of certain revenues, cost of revenues and related segment data, as well as balance sheet classifications to assets and liabilities held for sale. Reclassifications relating to the discontinued operations of Advanced Molecular Services Group (AMSG) and Health Technology Solutions (HTS) are described further in Note 18. The reclassifications had no impact on operations or cash flows for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017. In addition, certain prior year balances have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation.
Comprehensive Income (Loss)
During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, comprehensive income (loss) was equal to the net income (loss) amounts presented in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations.
Use of Estimates
Management makes estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the condensed consolidated financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Significant estimates and assumptions include the estimates of fair values of assets acquired and liabilities assumed in business combinations, reserves and write-downs related to receivables and inventories, the recoverability of long-lived assets, the valuation allowance relating to the Company’s deferred tax assets, valuation of equity and derivative instruments, and debt discounts and the valuation of the assets and liabilities acquired in the acquisition of hospitals.
In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606),” including subsequently issued updates. This series of comprehensive guidance has replaced all existing revenue recognition guidance and became effective for us beginning January 1, 2018. There is a five-step approach outlined in the standard. Entities are permitted to apply the new standard under the full retrospective method, subject to certain practical expedients, or the modified retrospective method that requires the application of the guidance only to contracts that are uncompleted on the date of initial application.
In determining revenue, we first identify the contract according to the scope of Accounting Standard Codification (“ASC’) 606 with the following criteria:
Based on the new standard for revenue recognition, bad debt is now treated similar to contractual allowance, and directly reduces sales revenue. The Company reduced gross revenues by $3.1 million for bad debt for the nine months ended September 30, 2018, for the Oneida hospital, which began operations in August 2017, and for the Jamestown Regional Medical Center, which was acquired on June 1, 2018. As required by the new standard, after bad debt and contractual allowance adjustments to revenues of $13.0 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company reported net revenues for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 of $5.0 million and $9.9 million, respectively. The Company continues to review its provision for bad debt and contractual allowance.
Service revenues are generated from laboratory testing services and hospital revenues.
Laboratory testing services include chemical diagnostic tests such as blood analysis and urine analysis. Laboratory service revenues are recognized at the time the testing services are performed and billed and are reported at their estimated net realizable amounts. Net service revenues are determined utilizing gross service revenues net of contractual adjustments and discounts. Even though it is the responsibility of the patient to pay for laboratory service bills, most individuals in the U.S. have an agreement with a third-party payer such as a commercial insurance provider, Medicaid or Medicare to pay all or a portion of their healthcare expenses; most of the services provided by us are to patients covered under a third-party payer contract. In most cases, the Company is provided the third-party billing information and seeks payment from the third party in accordance with the terms and conditions of the third-party payer for health service providers like us. Each of these third-party payers may differ not only in terms of rates, but also with respect to terms and conditions of payment and providing coverage (reimbursement) for specific tests. Estimated revenues are established based on a series of procedures and judgments that require industry specific healthcare experience and an understanding of payer methods and trends. Despite follow up billing efforts, the Company does not currently anticipate collection of a significant portion of self-pay billings, including the patient responsibility portion of the billing for patients covered by third party payers. The Company currently does not have any capitated agreements.
For hospital goods and or services, net revenues are determined utilizing gross revenues net of contractual adjustments and discounts and are recognized when the goods and services are delivered. Even though it is the responsibility of the patient to pay for goods and services rendered, most individuals have an agreement with a third-party payer such as a commercial insurance provider, Medicaid or Medicare to pay all or a portion of their healthcare expenses.
The hospitals ensure that the collection of substantially all the consideration to which they are entitled to is probable. The hospitals have established the transaction price for providing goods or services to a patient through historical cash collection and current data from each identified payer class. This may include the effects of variable consideration such as discounts and price concessions and may be less than the stated contract price, whether applied on a contract-by-contract basis or by using a portfolio approach. The ultimate transaction price reflects explicit price concessions. The hospitals have an obligation to provide medically necessary or emergency services regardless of a patient’s intent or ability to pay. In determining collectability, the evaluation is based on experience or the contract portfolio approach with either a specific patient or a class of similar patients.
The hospitals and the laboratory service practice the full retrospective approach of all the reporting periods presented under the new standard and disclose any adjustment to prior-period information. No such prior-period adjustment has been determined to date.
This includes but is not limited to disaggregated revenue information, contract asset and liability information, including significant changes from prior year, and judgments, and changes in judgment, that significantly affect the determination of the amount of revenue and timing.
We review our calculations for the realizability of gross service revenues monthly to make certain that we are properly allowing for the uncollectable portion of our gross billings and that our estimates remain sensitive to variances and changes within our payer groups. The contractual allowance calculation is made based on historical allowance rates for the various specific payer groups monthly with a greater weight being given to the most recent trends; this process is adjusted based on recent changes in underlying contract provisions. This calculation is routinely analyzed by us based on actual allowances issued by payers and the actual payments made to determine what adjustments, if any, are needed.
The Company applies ASC Topic 815-40, “Derivatives and Hedging,” which provides a two-step model to determine whether a financial instrument or an embedded feature is indexed to an issuer’s own stock and thus able to qualify for the scope exception in ASC 815-10-15-74. This standard triggers liability accounting on all instruments and embedded features exercisable at strike prices based on future equity-linked instruments issued at a lower rate. Using the criteria in ASC 815, the Company determines which instruments or embedded features that require liability accounting and records the fair values as a derivative liability. The changes in the values of the derivative liabilities are shown in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations as “Change in Fair Value of Derivative Instruments.”
In July 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-11 “Earnings Per Share (Topic 260) Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity (Topic 480) Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815).” The amendments in Part I of this Update change the classification analysis of certain equity-linked financial instruments (or embedded features) with down round features. When determining whether certain financial instruments should be classified as liabilities or equity instruments, a down round feature no longer precludes equity classification when assessing whether the instrument is indexed to an entity’s own stock. The amendments also clarify existing disclosure requirements for equity-classified instruments. As a result, a freestanding equity-linked financial instrument (or embedded conversion option) no longer would be accounted for as a derivative liability at fair value as a result of the existence of a down round feature. For freestanding equity classified financial instruments, the amendments require entities that present earnings per share (EPS) in accordance with Topic 260 to recognize the effect of the down round feature when it is triggered. That effect is treated as a dividend and as a reduction of income available to common shareholders in basic EPS. Convertible instruments with embedded conversion options that have down round features are now subject to the specialized guidance for contingent beneficial conversion features (in Subtopic 470-20, Debt—Debt with Conversion and Other Options), including related EPS guidance (in Topic 260). The amendments in Part II of this Update recharacterize the indefinite deferral of certain provisions of Topic 480 that now are presented as pending content in the Codification, to a scope exception. Those amendments do not have an accounting effect.
Under current GAAP, an equity-linked financial instrument with a down round feature that otherwise is not required to be classified as a liability under the guidance in Topic 480 is evaluated under the guidance in Topic 815, Derivatives and Hedging, to determine whether it meets the definition of a derivative. If it meets that definition, the instrument (or embedded feature) is evaluated to determine whether it is indexed to an entity’s own stock as part of the analysis of whether it qualifies for a scope exception from derivative accounting. Generally, for warrants and conversion options embedded in financial instruments that are deemed to have a debt host (assuming the underlying shares are readily convertible to cash or the contract provides for net settlement such that the embedded conversion option meets the definition of a derivative), the existence of a down round feature results in an instrument not being considered indexed to an entity’s own stock. This results in a reporting entity being required to classify the freestanding financial instrument or the bifurcated conversion option as a liability, which the entity must measure at fair value initially and at each subsequent reporting date.
The amendments in this Update revise the guidance for instruments with down round features in Subtopic 815-40, Derivatives and Hedging—Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity, which is considered in determining whether an equity-linked financial instrument qualifies for a scope exception from derivative accounting. An entity still is required to determine whether instruments would be classified in equity under the guidance in Subtopic 815-40 in determining whether they qualify for that scope exception. If they do qualify, freestanding instruments with down round features are no longer classified as liabilities and embedded conversion options with down round features are no longer bifurcated.
For entities that present EPS in accordance with Topic 260, and when the down round feature is included in an equity-classified freestanding financial instrument, the value of the effect of the down round feature is treated as a dividend when it is triggered and as a numerator adjustment in the basic EPS calculation. This reflects the occurrence of an economic transfer of value to the holder of the instrument, while alleviating the complexity and income statement volatility associated with fair value measurement on an ongoing basis. Convertible instruments are unaffected by the Topic 260 amendments in this Update.
Those amendments in Part 1 of this Update are a cost savings relative to current GAAP. This is because, assuming the required criteria for equity classification in Subtopic 815-40 are met, an entity that issued such an instrument no longer measures the instrument at fair value at each reporting period (in the case of warrants) or separately accounts for a bifurcated derivative (in the case of convertible instruments) based on the existence of a down round feature. For convertible instruments with embedded conversion options that have down round features, applying specialized guidance such as the model for contingent beneficial conversion features rather than bifurcating an embedded derivative also reduces cost and complexity. Under that specialized guidance, the issuer recognizes the intrinsic value of the feature only when the feature becomes beneficial instead of bifurcating the conversion option and measuring it at fair value each reporting period.
The amendments in Part II of this Update replace the indefinite deferral of certain guidance in Topic 480 with a scope exception and do not require any transition guidance because those amendments do not have an accounting effect. This has the benefit of improving the readability of the Codification and reducing the complexity associated with navigating the guidance in Topic 480.
For public business entities, the amendments in Part I of this Update are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2018. For all other entities, the amendments in Part I of this Update are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020. Early adoption is permitted for all entities, including adoption in an interim period. If an entity early adopts the amendments in an interim period, any adjustments should be reflected as of the beginning of the fiscal year that includes that interim period. The amendments in Part 1 of this Update should be applied in either of the following ways: 1. Retrospectively to outstanding financial instruments with a down round feature by means of a cumulative-effect adjustment to the statement of financial position as of the beginning of the first fiscal year and interim period(s) in which the pending content that links to this paragraph is effective; or 2. Retrospectively to outstanding financial instruments with a down round feature for each prior reporting period presented in accordance with the guidance on accounting changes in paragraphs 250-10-45-5 through 45-10.
The Company has determined that this amendment had a material impact on its consolidated financial statements and has early adopted this accounting standard update. The cumulative effect of the adoption of ASU 2017-11 resulted in the reclassification of the derivative liability recorded of $56 million and the reversal of $41 million of interest expense recorded in the Company’s first fiscal quarter of 2017. The remaining $16 million was offset to additional paid in capital (discount on convertible debenture). Additionally, the Company recognized a deemed dividend from the trigger of the down round provision feature of $53.3 million. A $51 million deemed dividend was recorded retrospectively as of the beginning of the issuance of the debentures issued in March 2017 where the initial derivative liability was recorded because of the down round provision feature.
Earnings (Loss) Per Share
The Company reports earnings (loss) per share in accordance with ASC Topic 260, “Earnings Per Share,” which establishes standards for computing and presenting earnings per share. Basic earnings (loss) per share of common stock is calculated by dividing net earnings (loss) allocable to common stockholders by the weighted-average shares of common stock outstanding during the period, without consideration of common stock equivalents. Diluted earnings (loss) per share is calculated by adjusting the weighted-average shares of common stock outstanding for the dilutive effect of common stock equivalents, including stock options and warrants outstanding for the period as determined using the treasury stock method. For purposes of the diluted net loss per share calculation, common stock equivalents are excluded from the calculation when their effect would be anti-dilutive. The gain associated with the change in fair value of the derivative liabilities and the unamortized discounts associated with dilutive convertible debentures, are deducted from net income, the numerator, as a result of the inclusion of dilutive securities in the common stock equivalents, the denominator. Therefore, basic and diluted net loss per share applicable to common stockholders is the same for periods with a net loss. See Note 3 for the computation of earnings (loss) per share for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017.
The entire disclosure for the general note to the financial statements for the reporting entity which may include, descriptions of the basis of presentation, business description, significant accounting policies, consolidations, reclassifications, new pronouncements not yet adopted and changes in accounting principles.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef